The study of perception of migrants in Colombia, results that were presented at the Venezuelan Migration in Colombia forum What will happen to the migrants?revealed that 62% of Venezuelan migrants living in Colombia plan to stay indefinitely in the country with the aim of building a new life.
According to data from Colombian Migration, there are 2,342,907 Venezuelan migrants in the country, however, the firm Cifras y Conceptos made an estimate of how many Venezuelans are in an irregular manner, leaving as a result an estimate of 726,301 migrants in this condition.
The survey was conducted by the Universidad del Rosario, with the support of the German Konrad Adenaeur Foundation and El Tiempo.
The results presented this Thursday warn that the main reason why migrants left their country was the economic situation, according to 87% of those consulted37% affirmed that they left Venezuela looking for new job opportunities, while 15% assured that they did so due to the shortage of goods and services, and finally, 11% due to precarious conditions.
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The study also warns that despite the recent opening of the border between the two countries, 91% of those surveyed assured that they knew about this fact and only 9% claimed to have no idea about the subject.
“Despite the reopening and economic reactivation between the two countries, actions led by the Government of Gustavo Petro, 60% of those surveyed mention that they will not return to Venezuela,” highlighted Alejandro Cheyne, rector of the Rosario University.
For Alejandro Cheyne, it is satisfying to know the perception that migrants have of Colombia as a opportunity for growth and development for themselves and their familiesLikewise, he pointed out that 77% of migrants claim to know about the Temporary Protection Permit, of these, 65% already have the document and of the people who acquired it, 71% qualify it as a good tool.
Regarding the possession of documents, the survey indicated that of the migrant population: 8% have a citizenship card, 11% have a foreigner’s card4% have a passport, 13% have a Special Permit to Stay, 3% have a Special Permit to Stay for the Promotion of Formal Education, 34% have a Permit for Temporary Protection, 44% have a Venezuelan ID, 2% another and 1% none. .
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Of this migrant population surveyed, 48% is male and 52% female. Regarding the ages: 26% are between 18 and 25 years old; 35% from 26 to 35 years old; 22% from 36 to 45 years; 10% from 46 to 55 years; 4% from 56 to 65 years and 2% over 65 years.
The results also show that migrants have suffered different types of labor abuse such as receive a salary that does not correspond to their work. 14% said they have faced this situation; 10% assured that they are not linked to social security; 8% receive a lower salary than someone who does the same job; 6% stated that they have been the victim of abuse of power by their employer.
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